Aliquam efficitur, ipsum nec
The National Park of Chapada Diamantina (PNCD) was established by Decree No. 91,655 of September 17, 1985, covering 152 thousand hectares of land in the municipalities of Andaraí, Ibicoara, Itaetê, Lençóis, Mucugê e Palmeiras, in the center of the state of Bahia. The park protects a portion of the Chapada Diamantina, which is a regional part of the Serra do Sincorá, which, in turn, is an extension of Bahian Cadeia do Espinhaço, known for great biological diversity and complexity of ecosystems. The Chapada Diamantina is an ecological mosaic formed by campos rupestres (a montane subtropical savanna biome), tropical savannahs, caatinga (a type of desert vegetation), scrublands, riparian forests, rainforest, atlantic forest, and the ‘boundaries’ between each of these environments, is a new and unique ecological conformations. There’s also an area with wetlands and swamps. Flora and fauna are rich and different due to these numerous environments. Famous are species of orchids (Orchidaceae), bromeliads (Bromeliaceae) and evergreens (Eriocaulaceae). The fauna is distinguished by the presence of species of big cats (jaguars and pumas), constrictor snakes (boa, anaconda); medium and large rodent (capybara, guinea pigs and cavies), great wealth of bird species especially the hawk (gavião-pé-de-serra), the king vulture (urubu-rei) and the endemic and emblematic Hooded Visorbearer hummingbird (beija-flor-gravatinha-vermelha), deer, assorted fish, agoutis, coatis, crab-grass and tapirs. Besides its importance for biodiversity conservation in the region, the NPDC is largely responsible for maintaining the quantity and quality of water from the upper course of the river Paraguassu, Bahia’s main river, from whose waters depend about 60% of the population of the capital, Salvador. Chapada Diamantina is the major ecotourism destination in the country, having great impact on international tourism. Part of this power of attraction of the region is due to its unique geomorphology, full of canyons, mountains, waterfalls, caves and plateaus, themselves. In the park itself, for example, there are regions at 480m above sea level contrasting with peaks of over 1700m, and there’s also the second highest waterfall in the country. The PNCD can be considered an icon of conservation of the country, since its creation was resulted from the mobilization in the early 80s. Environmentalists and the surrounding municipalities aware of the importance of preserving this natural heritage and its beauties.